SUMMARY OF FY2001 PROGRESS
SOUTH DAKOTA SPACE GRANT CONSORTIUM
South Dakota Space Grant Consortium (SDSGC) conducts programs in six main areas.
The Consortium’s activities in these areas during the past year are summarized
a “capability enhancement” state in NASA’s Space Grant Program,
development of research infrastructure within South Dakota continues to be a
primary focus of SDSGC activities. Highlights
in research areas over the past year include:
In December 2000, submitted SD NASA EPSCoR proposal
entitled: “The Use of Remote Sensing for Monitoring, Prediction, and
Management of Hydrologic, Agricultural, and Ecological Processes in the Northern
Great Plains”. This overall proposal package contained three separate, yet
related research proposals. Research
proposals 2 and 3 were funded for $223,100/year and $164,000/year respectively,
along with a $125K/year NASA EPSCoR core grant for improving research
infrastructure within South Dakota. This
effort resulted in the establishment of the SD NASA EPSCoR Program,
with the headquarters office located at SDSM&T and Dr. Sherry
Farwell as the Program Director.
» Proposal 1 - "Improved Precipitation Estimation
in the Northern Great Plains by Remote Sensing Approaches”.
» Proposal 2 - "Cross-Calibration of Landsat and
IKONOS Sensors for Use in Precision Agriculture”. (Funded)
» Proposal 3 - "Leaf Area Index for Fire
Chronosequences of the Black Hills and Southern Siberia: A Comparative
The SD NASA EPSCoR strategic
plan was guided by the following desirable actions:
- To establish new contacts and
strengthen existing linkages with NASA Centers, NASA researchers, and the USGS
EROS Data Center.
- To promote participation from the State’s major research institutions, State agencies, and relevant businesses in SD that are interested in strengthening our scientific and technological enterprises.
- To develop the State’s scientific talent and infrastructure for enhanced competitiveness in research, development, and technology-based economic development.
- To encourage greater participation by under represented groups, especially Native Americans, in scientific education and research.
- To build greater public and political support in SD for the overall science, engineering, and technology enterprise.
- To communicate the benefits of current and future NASA programs to the progress and development of SD, the Northern Great Plains Region, and the Nation.
SD NASA EPSCoR “Team” of researchers agreed to pursue a research strategy
centered on: 1) the establishment of quantitative links between geospatial
information technologies and fundamental climatic and ecosystem processes in the
Northern Great Plains (NGP), and 2) the development and use of coupled modeling
tools, which can be initialized by data from a combined satellite and surface
observational network, to provide reliable predictions and management guidance
for hydrologic, agricultural, and ecological systems of the NGP.
Collaboration with relevant NASA scientists has
occurred and will continue.
presented at the National Council of Space Grant Directors Meeting in Fairbanks,
SDSGC was very involved with efforts within and outside the state of SD
regarding the proposed National Underground Science Laboratory at the Homestake
Mine. A 5-year, collaborative proposal has been submitted to the National
Science Foundation to convert the Homestake Gold Mine in Lead, South Dakota,
which is scheduled to close in December 2001, into a National Underground
Science Laboratory (NUSL) <http://mocha.phys.washington.edu/NUSL/>.
During the past 30 years,
scientists have developed an amazing way to view the Universe with deep
underground neutrino "telescopes".
Results from the first solar neutrino experiment, which was initiated by
Dr. R. Davis and his colleagues over 30 years ago with a neutrino detector 4,850
feet underground at the Homestake Mine, have stimulated the "solar neutrino
problem" and multiple investigations worldwide.
The results obtained from this growing cadre of underground detectors now
promise new insights into the Standard Model of Elementary Particles and Forces.
In addition to subterranean physics, a whole range of "underground
science" has become evident during the past few years.
Specific subterranean research topics include solar, atmospheric,
long-baseline, supernova and high energy astrophysical neutrinos, double beta
decay, and dark matter searches; precision and sensitive assay of radionuclides
(with applications to enforcement of disarmament treaties and environmental
effluent studies); materials science and engineering; nuclear astrophysics
cross-section measurements; hydrology, seismology, rock mechanics and other
topics in geoscience; microgravity experiments via long drop tubes; and the
study of the evolution and subsistence of biological organisms under extreme
environmental conditions. There is
also considerable industrial interest in underground laboratories because of
materials activation issues, cosmic-ray-induced error rates in microelectronics,
quantum computing, and the production and storage of ultra-pure materials.
The imminent cessation of mining by
Homestake/Barrick, the mine's maximum 8,250 foot depth, its multiple underground
levels every ~150 feet from the surface to 8,250', its geologic stability in a
seismic-quiet area, and an extensive physical plant, combine to make a
compelling argument for the location of the NUSL at the Homestake Mine site.
The proposal to NSF is a collaboration between the Consortium for
Underground Science and the State of SD and its universities, with strong
support from the Governor and Legislature.
The State of SD is in final stages of legislatively-approved negotiations
with Homestake Mining Company/Barrick to obtain title to specific portions of
the Homestake site. With assistance
from the SD congressional delegation, federal indemnification is being sought
for both Homestake/Barrick and the State. The
proposal lays out a conceptual design and corresponding
budget for renovating the existing infrastructure into a laboratory,
developing capabilities to host multiple underground science experiments at
several depths, and developing a corresponding surface facility to support the
overall scientific endeavors at the NUSL. Laboratory
caverns would be built-to-order as scientific proposals are approved.
With proximity to Mt. Rushmore
and the fact that most people find understanding the Cosmos so exciting, NUSL
has the potential to directly engage more Americans than any other U.S. research
science site. In addition to an extensive outreach program for tourists, NUSL will
provide on-site and distance education curricular experiences for K-Ph.D.
students, distance education opportunities for the general public, astrophysical
data outreach to scientists around the world, and special participation
opportunities for individuals and institutions in regional and national EPSCoR
states and Puerto Rico. In its
interpretative activities, NUSL will recognize the special significance of the
Black Hills to the Native American community and will use both its special place
and the excitement of its science to reach out to all communities, especially
those underrepresented in U.S. science and technology.
The existing outreach network
contained within the National Space Grant College and Fellowship Program and the
NASA EPSCoR Program will be relied upon extensively for this purpose.
A conference on underground science opportunities at the proposed NUSL
was held in Lead, SD on October 4-7, 2001.
This initial conference focused on: 1) Physics, 2) Earth Science, and 3)
Outreach. SDSGC provided
significant assistance in organizing the Outreach component of the conference by
helping secure panel presentations in the following areas: a) K-12 Education, b)
Undergraduate Education and Research, c) Educational
and Research Opportunities for Young Scientists at the NUSL, and d) Visitor
A separate Geomicrobiology Workshop will be held on Nov. 30-Dec. 1, 2001
in Lead, SD. Again, officials from the SDSGC and the SD NASA EPSCoR program will
be directly involved in this Geomicrobiology Workshop.
provided administrative assistance for two meetings of the Western Research
Alliance. The objective of this
broad based organization is to provide a regional forum for academic
researchers, entrepreneurs, state and federal agencies, and local economic
developers who are interested in the promotion of research, technology transfer,
and business development. The WRA
meetings held during 2001 focused on Life Sciences and Electronics. Officials
from the SDSGC and the SD NASA EPSCoR program worked closely with the WRA to
attract the National SBIR Conference to Rapid City.
This National SBIR Conference was held on Oct. 24-26, 2001.
also provided support for the Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Pre-Conference
Session for Student and Faculty Entrepreneurs held at the campus of SDSM&T
on October 23, 2001. Experts
from South Dakota and around the country that have participated in the SBIR
Program met with over 200 middle school, high school, and university students
and faculty to discuss how to start and grow a technology business.
They were also introduced to business related careers in science, math
and other technical fields. This
event was held in conjunction with the National SBIR Fall Conference in Rapid
and financial support was provided for GIS-remote sensing and image processing
laboratories at member universities and educational affiliates, including Native
American Tribal Colleges. This
support is for research and educational projects involving GIS and remote
sensing curriculum development, precision agriculture, algorithm development for
NDVI data, plant science, climate change, and land surface processes. These
projects involve interaction with the USGS EROS Data Center (EDC) located in
investigators continued both basic and applied research into carbon
sequestration. The South Dakota
Carbon Sequestration Project provides a traceable method to determine the Carbon
Emission Reduction Credits (CERCs) for registered land. A CERC is only valuable
as a commodity if it can be quantified through a scientifically defensible
methodology that is reproducible and traceable. The C-Lock process provides both of these qualities for the
CERCs estimated to be produced by individual landowners. A practical, science-based system has been developed by
combining the experiences of scientists from
the SDSM&T Institute of Atmospheric Sciences with satellite
remotely-sensed data and soil carbon data, along with advanced numerical
modeling techniques, to determine an estimate of the specific CERCs for
individual parcels of registered land. The
system also includes an assessment of the uncertainty in the validation process
so that a safe fraction of the CERCs can be certified for future sales-based
bidding. The researchers are now at the
stage of conducting sensitivity analysis to determine the minimum reporting
detail required to arrive at accurate incremental carbon storage.
SDSM&T continued active participation in the Upper Midwest Aerospace
Consortium (UMAC) activity with precision agriculture and remote sensing and in
the Public Access Resource Center (PARC) project. Scientists from SDSGC were involved in the Educational PARC (EdPARC)
components of this NASA-funded project by providing two teacher-training
workshops in GIS, GPS and remote sensing technology in June 2001 in Rapid City
at Douglas High School and in Sioux Falls at the USGS EROS Data Center.
Observatory in Quinn, SD (an educational affiliate of SDSGC) has become
nationally recognized as it successfully continued its Near Earth Object (NEO)
asteroid observations and identification in participation with the international
Spaceguard Foundation. Participating
observatories around the world are cataloguing all of the NEO’s that may
represent a global impact hazard to the Earth. The dark skies in western SD,
combined with the extremely sensitive research-grade telescope at Badlands
Observatory, places the observatory in the company of some of the world's best
astronomical research facilities. It
is host to an f/4.8 Newtonian
Telescope with a 26"
diameter mirror, the largest telescope in the local three-state area.
Observations are reported to the Minor Planet Center at the
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.
Since beginning operations last year, the Badlands Observatory has
discovered a total of 24 new mainbelt asteroids have been discovered to
date by Badlands Observatory, along with 101 NEO confirmations. With support
from the SDSGC, both SDSM&T and USD have both begun forming astronomical
education and research partnerships with Badlands Observatory.
funded the curriculum development of a Spring 2002 course offered by SDSM&T
and Badlands Observatory titled “Advanced Observational Astronomy” (Physics
and financial support for the new biocomplexity research theme, which is part of
South Dakota’s NSF EPSCoR program.
collaborative support for the preparation of the final technical report on the
Upper Missouri River Basin (UMRB) Hydrology Pilot Project continued this
year. The goal of this
interdisciplinary project is to study links among hydrology, weather and climate
using the Black Hills as a laboratory to provide an understanding that can be
applied across the central region of the North American
provided limited funding to stimulate the publication of scientific papers and
for presentations at research conferences.
the successful recipient of the following NASA EPSCoR project in South Dakota:
“Cross Calibration of Landsat and IKONOS Sensors for Use in Precision
Agriculture”. SDSU also
participates in both the steering committee and the technical advisory board
tied to the SD NASA EPSCoR activity.
a successful recipient of an IFAFS/USDA project in collaboration with Montana.
This project is entitled
“Modeling and Visualizing Remote Sensing and Terrain Data for Research
and Education in Precision Agriculture.”
participated in a NASA-funded ESIPS project on mapping weeds in soybeans.
participated in a Raytheon-funded Team Express project through UMAC in which
farmers were able to download imagery of their farms via PCDirect and apply
these data through various techniques.
· Presentations made by Augustana College for remote sensing included:
Reed, D. Swets, L. Bard, J. Brown, J. Rowland, "Interactive visualization
of vegetation dynamics," in Proceedings, International Geoscience and
Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), Sydney, Australia, August 9 - 13, 2001.
Delfs and Daniel L. Swets, Demonstration: "Rocket Fuel: mixing solid and
liquid fuels," Space Days 2001: A Space Odyssey in South Dakota, Rapid
City, South Dakota, 2001.
and Daniel L. Swets, Presentation: "Phenology viewed from satellite
images," Space Days 2001: A Space Odyssey in South Dakota, Rapid City,
South Dakota, 2001.
ü Levi Bard and Daniel L. Swets, Poster: "Visualization of Satellite Phenology," 2001 South Dakota State Legislature "Undergraduate Student Research Activities Poster Session," Pierre, SD, February, 2001.
An eight-member undergraduate student team (and supporting faculty and
staff) from SDSM&T proposed and are currently developing an experiment to
fly aboard NASA’s KC-135 reduced gravity aircraft in the Spring/Summer 2002.
The project, titled “Photon Propulsion for Gossamer Spacecraft”,
compares two different “solar sail” systems using short wavelength-near
visible laser light and long wavelength microwaves as the means of propulsion
SDSM&T also submitted a proposal for the Summer 2001 KC-135 flight
program, which was not selected for flight.
That experiment was titled "Cement
Hydration Assessment in Reduced Gravity Environments (CHARGE)".
SDSM&T’s March 2000
KC-135 project results were presented at the April 2001 SD Academy of Science
and published as: Keefner, J., Monheim, A., Glover, L., 2001, "Deployment of a
membrane reflector in Zero-G", Proceedings of the 86th Annual
Meeting of the South Dakota Academy of Science, v. 80.
In February 2001, this project was also presented as a poster at the
State Legislature, Student Research Poster Session in the State Capitol Rotunda
in Pierre, SD.
supported the Spring-2002 Advanced Observational Astronomy course (Physics 385)
offered by SDSM&T and Badlands Observatory.
Director or Deputy Director attended all National Council of Space Grant
Director's meetings during 2001.
maintained its "Educational Opportunities (Higher Ed.)" website.
FACULTY and STAFF TRAVEL SUPPORT
Durkin, SDSGC Deputy Director, Joint Conference of the SD Science Teachers
Assoc. and SD Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Huron, SD (February 1-2, 2001)
Durkin, DENR Ground Water Quality Conference, Pierre, SD (March 19, 2001)
Sherry Farwell, SDSGC Director, National Council of Space Grant Directors
Meeting, Washington D.C. (March 20-23, 2001)
Durkin, ESIP Meeting, Grand Forks, ND (July 24-25, 2001)
Durkin, National Council of Space Grant Directors Meeting, Fairbanks, AK (Sept.
meetings and trips were supported by Space Grant to allow Sherry Farwell and Tom
Durkin to travel to SDSGC meetings, Native American schools, EdPARC meetings, SD
EPSCoR Student Research Poster Session at State Capitol, etc.
SDSU Faculty and staff travel support:
support for Dr. Alfred Andrawis to attend the Optical Fiber Communication
Conference in Anaheim,
Shin presentation at Univ. of Wyoming conference,
O’Neill to present signatures in space document to Corsica school children,
staff members to Space Day in Rapid City,
Alfred Andrawis, partial support to discuss educational collaboration with South
Dalsted, Western Regional SGC meeting, near Warm Springs, OR,
O’Neill, St. Francis, SD, to discuss science education with teachers.
Dalsted, Washington, D.C. to discuss NASA BAA for potential geospatial
Bard, South Dakota State Legislature Poster session (March 1, 2001),
Levi Bard, Marlys Van’t Hul, and one other, 2001 South Dakota Space Days (May
Duffy-Matzner, Proposed National Underground Laboratory conference (Oct. 5,
faculty a) participated in a workshop on precision agriculture technologies at
SDSU in August, b) attended the ND/SD NSF EPSCoR meeting in Brookings, SD, and
c) attended the Sioux Falls Area Research Association meeting in Brookings and
joined the association.
Kevin Dalsted presented a poster at the Spring UMAC meeting in Grand Forks
titled “Using Remote Sensing for Weed Mapping”.
College conducted the following Higher Education Activities:
Palieolimnology and the effects of land use on sedimentation and erosion
included the collection and analysis of lake sediment cores to document
historical changes in water quality and erosion rates.
A start was made on the correlation of data from the cores with various
land disturbance activities throughout this century including timber harvest,
fires, and floods.
NDVI Smoothing. Activities included the
implementation and maintenance of efficient algorithms for NDVI signal
Seasonality metrics. Activities
included the implementation of algorithms for extracting seasonality metrics
from NDVI time-series data.
Cluster computing. Activities included the
parallel implementation of smoothing and metrics algorithms using a cluster
Visualization tools development. Activities
included the development of web-based tools to assist in the visualization of
parameters used in smoothing and metrics algorithms.
MODIS project recompete. Associations
with scientists at the USGS EROS Data Center and Boston University were
established to pursue the NASA recompete for the production of MODIS products.
MODIS Source Data Study. A
project was initiated with Augustana College, the USGS EROS Data Center, and
Boston University to analyze the relative merits of various source data for use
in MODIS product development. The
study is considering the use of EVI, NDVI, NBAR NDVI, NBAR Greenness, LAI, and
PSN as source data.
Phenologic Metric Technique.
A project was initiated with Augustana College, the USGS EROS Data
Center, and Boston University to analyze various existing and proposed
techniques for metrics calculations from time-series data, particularly the
start-of-season metric. The study
is looking at the Boston University maximal curvature method, the EDC
backward-looking moving average method, the half-max method, the DeFries time of
greatest increase method, the Moulin method, and the Augustana slope-based
The Consortium's full-time Deputy Director/Outreach
Coordinator at our lead institution (SDSM&T) and part time Outreach
Coordinators at SDSU, Augustana College, and the USGS EROS Data Center develop
and coordinate the Consortium's K-12 programs. Highlights from the past year
maintained "Educational Opportunities (K-12)" website for SD teachers,
students, and parents <EdOpp-K-12.htm>
A “space odyssey” came to Rapid City's Civic Center
on May 4-6th as the South Dakota Space Grant Consortium sponsored
"SD/NASA Space Days 2001". About
4,500 students and members of the public attended this special annual event
which promotes the benefits enjoyed every day as a result of space science,
earth science, and technology. Thousands
of students were shown practical examples of the fruits of these sciences while
at the same time, learning the importance of studying math, science, and
Astronaut Colonel Charles
"Sam" Gemar, a native South Dakotan, was the featured speaker,
captivating thousands of students with fascinating accounts of his experiences
as a NASA Astronaut. About 30
educational exhibits were on display, including tours through the International
Space Station (ISS) traveling exhibit from JSC. Tours exposed people to what it is like for astronauts and
cosmonauts to live and work inside the ISS.
Starlab Planetarium shows were offered, as were four teacher-training
workshops on Mars Exploration, Small Bodies in the Solar System, educational
displays by the NASA Educator Resource Centers in SD, and a workshop on Lakota
Perspectives on the Environment from Mother Earth to the Heavens.
Durkin of SDSM&T participated in the Meade County rural school system's
"Learning Olympics" in May 2001 by giving six presentations on space
and earth science to several hundred rural school students in Union Center, SD.
helped sponsor two, one-week Earth and Space Camps for high school teachers held
at SDSM&T in June 2001. Topics
in the Space Camp included planets and planetary geology; lives of stars;
classification, morphology and origin of galaxies; meteorites; comets; the
electromagnetic spectrum; origin and evolution of the solar system and the
universe (and other topics). Observing
sessions focused on constellation recognition as well as developing astronomical
object location, identification, and description skills. An 18" JMI
Newtonian reflector, SBIG CCD camera, and a 4" refractor (along with any
scopes participants would like to bring) were available. Planetarium software
(The Sky) and other interactive software were utilized (Redshift 4 and Exploring
the Planets). This class was tailored for teachers, students, and amateur
cooperation with UMAC and NASA’s EdPARC program, SDSGC helped organize and
present two, intensive one-week teacher-training workshops titled “Earth
Science Tools for Educators” held at Douglas High School in Box Elder, SD and
the USGS EROS Data Center in Sioux Falls, SD.
About 60 teachers attended the two workshops in June 2001.
The workshops focused on GIS, GPS, Remotely Sensed Imagery (Satellite and
Aerial), and Curriculum Integration and Standards.
Instructors from SDSGC (SDSU and SDSM&T) and several K-12 teachers
combined to team-teach these well-received workshops.
SDSGC helped Cornerstones Career Learning Center promote a
Summer Career Camp titled "Introducing
Real Outdoor Careers to Kids" for about 60 students in various school
districts in the Huron, SD area. One
of the sessions included a talk on astronomy and featured Ron Dyvig of Badlands
SDSGC solicited participation from several K-12 schools in Project
Starshine 3, in which students polished mirrors for the Starshine 3 satellite
launched in October 2001. In
addition, Starshine 3 contains clusters of experimental solar cells.
Data on these solar cells is collected by a computer designed and built
at SDSM&T by the Center of Excellence for Advanced Manufacturing and
Production (CAMP) and the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department. The
data is radioed to the ground with a transmitter built by Cynetics Corporation,
an industrial affiliate of SDSGC. Amateur
radio operators (hams) receive these transmissions at 145.825 MHz as 9600 bps
packets. SDSGC helped fund the
SDSM&T and Cynetics portions of the Starshine project.
of the collaborative elementary curriculum project titled "Earth Systems
funded by NASA and developed at Virginia Tech, University of Colorado,
and SDSM&T. Daily discoveries
are made by researchers showing that the Earth's physical, chemical, biological,
geological, economic and cultural systems are intimately intertwined.
Earth Systems Connections is a hands on, multifaceted, interactive
mathematics, science, and technology curriculum where elementary students are
challenged to explore how many of the Earth's systems operate and connect with
one another. SDSM&T's Dr. Lee
Vierling, the PI of the project, has incorporated Little Wound School and
Woodrow Wilson Elementary School (Rapid City, SD) into the project as pilot
schools. SDSGC provided funds for
the addition of Native American video clips into the curriculum of this project,
an exciting way to get Lakota culture into a
nationally-available curriculum for elementary children.
College Science Day - Science Day provides high school juniors and seniors a day
filled with hands-on science opportunities/experiences.
The day is designed to encourage students to study and understand the
sciences and to eliminate the fear that the word science
sometimes portrays. This year
Augustana College hosted 411 students. A
special invitation went to Native American and female students in order to break
down the stereotypes that science has produced.
To entice these targeted groups to attend, Augustana College waived the
tuition normally associated with student attendance.
As a result of this event, two students receive $8,000 scholarships to
attend Augustana College and to major in the sciences.
evidenced by extensive participation in the 2001 "Student Signatures in
Space" Program, enthusiasm for the space program remains very high among
SD's K-12 school students with an estimated 1,800 signatures by students,
teachers, and parents. Schools in
Rapid City, Armour, and Sioux Falls, SD took part in the program.
supported "Scientific Knowledge for Indian Learning and Leadership"
(SKILL) Program on SDSM&T's campus. SDSM&T
also supported student participation in the local chapter of the
American Indian Science and Engineering Society (AISES).
maintained working relationships with the two NASA Educator Resource Centers (ERC's)
in South Dakota to help assure their continuing use by teachers and students.
One ERC is located at Black Hills State University's Center for the
Advancement of Math and Science Education in Spearfish and the other at the
Kirby Science Center in Sioux Falls.
Aerospace Career and Education (ACE) Camp 2001 was held in July with 12 high
supported the College of Engineering Visitor’s Team, which traveled to six
nearby high schools to conduct half day demonstrations of hands-on science.
supported the SDSU/Flandreau Indian School Success Academy in which the freshman
class came to SDSU six times during the Spring Semester for various science and
technology half day workshops, a meal, and a fun evening activity.
SDSU currently plans to have both the freshman and sophomore classes from
Flandreau Indian School visit SDSU this spring.
October 2001, SDSGC began recruiting nine high schools throughout the state to
participate in the 2002 FIRST Robotics program. This action has secured schools for almost all of the
available slots. Mentoring
universities include the following Consortium members: SDSM&T, SDSU, and
Other Public Service
was provided to the Black Hills Astronomical Society (BHAS) and related summer
Star Parties open to the public at Hidden Valley Observatory and Badlands
Observatory. SDSGC created and
maintains public service websites for BHAS, <BHAS.htm>,
Hidden Valley Observatory, and Badlands Observatory.
continued its support of StarDate, a daily PBS radio broadcast in South Dakota
as part of the McDonald Observatory astronomy program.
This broadcast provides a very effective means of informing the public
about the Consortium's resources.
August, SDSGC’s Booth was provided at Ellsworth AFB Airshow “Dakota Thunder
Polcyn of Hot Springs, SD applied this year to become South Dakota’s Solar
System Ambassador. The announcement
is expected in January 2002. Mr.
Polcyn presented several talks throughout the Black Hills area on astronomy, the
mathematical aspects of astronomy, the first human landing on the moon, and the
solar system. Presentations were
made to a retirement community, the general public, and high school, middle
school, and elementary school children (which included several sessions as part
of an After School Enrichment Program).
Tom Durkin, with assistance from Black Hills Astronomical Society members,
presented a course entitled “Introduction to Astronomy and Current Events in
Space” through the Community Education Program in Rapid City.
Over 20 adult members of the public attended this four-session course
during October 2001. Due to the
success of this course, it is planned to become an annual event sponsored by
presentations by SDSGC personnel
were given to several school groups and library youth groups in 2001.
press releases and various informational presentations about Consortium
activities, noteworthy celestial events, aerospace programs, etc. were published
and presented to the general public.
Fellowships and Scholarships
SDSGC supported a number of graduate and undergraduate students
through fellowships, scholarships, and assistantships. We have established a
Diversity Enhancement Fellowship program to provide research and educational
opportunities for faculty and students at Tribal Colleges and other Native
American institutions in South Dakota. The total amount of Consortium support
for faculty and students through these avenues exceeded $50,000 over the project
SDSM&T Graduate and Undergraduate
Patrick Kozak - SDSM&T Geological Engineering graduate student
sponsored by Space Grant. Specialty:
remote sensing using Landsat and AVIRIS, field spectroscopy.
Presented several papers at professional conferences throughout the year.
Bull Bennett – SDSM&T AEWR graduate student sponsored by Space Grant.
Specialty: sustainability of a large, managed bison ranch using a variety of methods
including remote sensing.
Lone Wolf - SDSM&T AEWR graduate student sponsored by Space Grant.
Specialty: remote sensing of prairie dog habitats.
Smith - SDSM&T Atmospheric Science graduate student sponsored by Space
Grant. Specialty: remote sensing methods for detecting post-fire biomass recovery.
Jensen – SDSM&T Electrical Engineering graduate student sponsored by Space
Grant. SDSM&T’s Project
Manager for FIRST Robotics Project.
Specialty: control systems.
Miller – SDSM&T Geology graduate student sponsored by Space Grant.
Griswold - SDSM&T Materials, Engineering and Science (MES) graduate student
sponsored by Space Grant. Specialty:
Keefner – SDSM&T Geological Engineering undergraduate student sponsored by
Space Grant. Student Team Leader
for SDSM&T’s KC-135A project.
SDSM&T Graduate Student Summer 2001
Fellowships at USGS EROS Data Center:
Patrick Kozak – “Analysis of Decision Tree
(C5) and Regression (Cubist) image classification methods for airborne imaging
Bull Bennett –
“Multispectral Analysis of Ecosystem
Response to Large Ungulate Grazing”
SDSU Graduate Assistantships and Undergraduate Summer
Kleinjohn – SDSU Plant Science graduate student sponsored by Space Grant.
Specialty: remote sensing and precision agriculture.
Netterville – SDSU Rural sociology/AEWR graduate student sponsored by Space
Grant. Specialty: Data
base management and rural sociology.
Outreach education coordinator (former).
Petersen - AEWR graduate student sponsored by Space Grant. Specialty: Remote
sensing for biodiversity. Outreach
education coordinator (present).
Langdon - SDSU Physics undergraduate student sponsored by Space Grant.
Neville - SDSU Electrical Engineering undergraduate student sponsored by Space
SDSU Faculty Summer 2001 Fellowships at USGS EROS
Hamer - SDSU Assistant Professor, Computer Science Dept. – “Computer
clustering and algorithm problem solving to support modeling systems”
Augustana College Fellowships and Scholarships:
Peterson, undergraduate fellowship, “Cluster computing,” with Dr. Daniel
Swets, Augustana College.
Stavenger, undergraduate fellowship, “Cluster computing,” with Dr. Daniel
Swets, Augustana College.
Bard, undergraduate fellowship, “Recycled computers,” with Dr. Brad Reed,
Terrel, undergraduate fellowship, “Server optimization,” with Dr. Daniel
Swets, Augustana College.
Christensen, undergraduate fellowship, “Seasonality metrics,” with Dr. Brad
Buckrey, undergraduate fellowship, “Impacts of Land Disturbance on Erosion and
Water Quality via Paleolimnological and Remote Sensing Analysis,” with Dr.
Craig Spencer, Augustana College.
held three quarterly meetings of institutional members since the last reporting
period and these meetings were often attended by several affiliate members.
To facilitate participation, one of those meetings was held over South
Dakota's Digital Dakota Network telecommunications system with nodes located
throughout much of the state. The
two other meetings were face-to-face. We
continued to focus on competitive allotment of SDSGC funds and the goal of
nurturing projects that can attract external support.
continued it's work as lead entity for the National Council of Space Grant
Directors "State/Regional/Local/Tribal Government Involvement (SRLT)
Committee". SRLT efforts focus
on ways to involve more State/Regional/Local/Tribal Government in Space Grant
Consortia activities and to improve the effectiveness of such partnerships. The
intent is: (1) to increase knowledge about NASA and Space Grant in State
offices; (2) to encourage governing entities to utilize Space Grant as a NASA
point of entry for aerospace information and assistance, and (3) to build
appropriate partnerships (when and where appropriate) that will help Space Grant
projects be farther-reaching, more self sufficient, and less dependent on NASA
funding for long term success (i.e., to build a stronger portfolio of funding
In March 2001, the SD Department of Transportation's
Office of Aeronautics officially signed on as a State Government affiliate of
Deputy Director, Tom Durkin, gave formal slide presentations on the SDSGC to: 1)
conferees attending the Annual SD DENR Ground-Water Quality Conference in March
2001 in Pierre, SD, 2) two UMAC EdPARC teacher-training workshops in June 2001
in Rapid City and Sioux Falls, 3) the “Leadership Rapid City” group in
October 2001, and 4) several campus groups.
Director and Deputy Director were successful in adding the following four new
industrial/corporate affiliates, and one State government affiliate to the
Consortium in 2001, bringing total membership up to 30 organizations:
Office of Aeronautics, SD Department of Transportation
Technology Solutions Inc.
Applications International Corp. (SAIC)
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